could witness their grief. The old men joined
in the crying and singing. To all appearances the most unmoved of all were the warriors, whose tears must be poured forth
in the country of the enemy to embitter their vengeance. These sat silently within their lodges, and strove to conceal their
feelings behind a stoical countenance; but they would probably have failed had not the soothing weed come to their relief.
The first sad shock over,
then came the change of habiliments. In savage usage, the outward expression of mourning surpasses that of civilization. The
Indian mourner gives up all his good clothing, and contents himself with scanty and miserable garments. Blankets are cut in
two, and the hair is cropped short. Often a devoted mother would scarify her arms or legs; a sister or a young wife would
cut off all her beautiful hair and disfigure herself by undergoing hardships. Fathers and brothers blackened their faces,
and wore only the shabbiest garments. Such was the spectacle that our people presented when the bright autumn was gone and
the cold shadow of winter and misfortune had fallen upon us. "We must suffer," said they -- "the Great Mystery is offended."
A Winter Camp
WHEN I was about twelve
years old we wintered upon the Mouse river, west of Turtle mountain. It was one of the coldest winters I ever knew, and was
so regarded by the old men of the tribe. The summer before there had been plenty of buffalo upon that side of the Missouri,
and our people had made many packs of dried buffalo meat and cached them in different places, so that they could get them
in case of need. There were many black-tailed deer and elk along the river, and grizzlies were to be found in the open country.
Apparently there was no danger of starvation, so our people thought to winter there; but it proved to be a hard winter.
There was a great snow-fall, and the cold was intense. The snow was too deep for hunting, and the
main body of the buffalo had crossed the Missouri, where it was too far to go after them. But there were some smaller herds
of the animals scattered about in our vicinity, therefore there was still fresh meat to be had, but it was not secured without
a great deal of difficulty.