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serious consequences which were to result, until it was too late to act with effect. Several
attacks were, however, made at different, times, with an apparent determination to destroy them; but they failed in every
instance. The assault made on the station erected by Captain Jacob WHITE, a pioneer of much energy and enterprise, at the
third crossing of Mill creek from Cincinnati, on the old Hamilton road was resolute and daring but it was gallantly met and
successfully repelled. During the attack, which was in the night, Captain WHITE add killed a warrior, who fell so near the
block-house, that his companions could not remove his body. The next morning it was brought in, and judging from his stature,
as reported by the inmates, he might have claimed descent from a race of giants. On examining the ground in the vicinity of
the block-house, the appearances of blood indicated that the assailants had suffered severely.
DUNLAP’S STATION ATTACKED —In
the winter of 1790-1, an attack was made, with a strong party, amounting, probably, to four or five hundred, on Dunlap’s
station, at Colerain. The block-house at that place was occupied by a small number of United States troops, commanded by Col.
KINGSBURY, then a subaltern in the army. The fort was furnished with a piece of artillery, which was an object of terror to
the Indians yet that did not deter them from an attempt to effect their purpose. Time attack was violent, and for some time
the station was in imminent danger.
The savages were led by the notorious Simon GIRTY, and outnumbered the garrison, at least,
ten to one. The works were entirely of wood, and the only obstacle between the assailants and the assailed was a picket of
logs, that might have been demolished, with a loss not exceeding, probably, twenty or thirty lives. The garrison displayed
unusual gallantry—they frequently exposed their persons above the pickets to insult and provoke the assailants; and
judging from the facts reported, they conducted with as much folly as bravery.
Col. John WALLACE, of Cincinnati, one of the earliest arid bravest of the pioneers, and
was amiable as he was brave, was in the fort when the attack was made. Although the works were completely surrounded by the
enemy, the colonel volunteered his services to go to Cincinnati for a reinforcement. The fort stood on the east bank of the
Big Miami. Late in the night he was conveyed across the river in a canoe, and landed on the opposite shore. Having passed
down some miles below the fort, he swam the river, and directed his course for Cincinnati. On his way down, the next day,
he met a body of men from that place and from Columbia, proceeding to Colerain. They had been in-formed of the attack, by
persons hunting in the neighborhood, who were sufficiently near the fort to hear the firing when it began.
He joined the party, and led them to the station by the same route lie had traveled from
it; but before they arrived, the Indians had taken their departure. It was afterwards ascertained that Mr. Abner HUNT a respect-able
citizen of New Jersey, who was on a surveying tour in the neighborhood of Colerain, at the time of the attack, was killed
before he could reach the fort. His body was afterward found, shockingly mangled.
The Indians tied HUNT to a sapling, within sight of the garrison, who distinctly heard his screams and built a large
fire so near as to scorch him inflicting the most acute pain then, as his flesh, from the action of the fire and the frequent
application of live coals, became less sensible making deep incisions in his limbs as if to renew his sensibility of pain;
answering his cries for water, to allay the extreme thirst caused by burning, by fresh tortures; and, finally, when, exhausted
and fainting, death seemed approaching to release the wretched prisoner, terminating his sufferings by applying flaming brands
to his naked bowels.’"...
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and collected funds for the Freeman’s
Commission. On the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment he formally resigned his office of President of the Underground Railroad,
which he had held for more than thirty years. He died in 1877. His “Reminiscences,” published by Robert Clarke
& Co., is a highly interesting volume, from which the following narratives are de-rived in an abridged form.
ELIZA HARRIS’S ESCAPE.
HARRIS, of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,’’ the slave woman who crossed the Ohio river on the drifting ice, with
her child in her arms, was sheltered for several days and aided to escape by Levi COFFIN, he then re-siding at Newport, Ind.
BEECHER STOWE’S graphic description of this woman’s experiences is almost identical with the real facts in the
originals of Simeon and Rachael Halliday, the Quaker couple alluded to in her remarkable work, were Levi and Catharine COFFIN.
HARRIS’S master lived a few miles back from the Ohio river, below Ripley Ohio. Her treatment from master and mistress
was kind; but they having met with financial reverses, it was decided to sell Eliza, and she, learning of this and the probable
separation of herself and child, determined to escape. That night, with her child in her arms, she started on foot for the
Ohio river. She reached the river near daybreak and instead of finding it frozen over, it was filled with large blocks of
floating ice. Thinking it impossible to cross, she ventured to seek shelter in a house near by, where she was kindly received.
hoped to find some way of crossing the next night, but during the day the ice became more broken and dangerous, making the
river seemingly impassable. Evening came on when her pursuers were seen approaching the house. Made desperate through fear,
she seized her infant in her arms, darted out the back door and ran toward the river, followed by her pursuers.
death less than separation from her babe, she clasped it to her bosom and sprang on the first cake of ice, and from that to
another, and then to another, and so on. Sometimes the ice would sink beneath her then she would slide her child on to the
next cake, and pull herself on with her hands. Wet to the waist, her hands benumbed with cold, she approached the Ohio shore
nearly exhausted. A man, who had been standing on the bank watching her in amazement, assisted her to the shore. After recovering
her strength, she was directed to a house on a hill in the outskirts of Ripley, which is that shown on page 336 of the “Ohio Historical Collection, this edition. Here she was cared for, and after
being provided with food and dry clothing, was forwarded from station to station on the Underground Railroad until she reached
the home of Levi COFFIN. Here she remained several days until she and her child, with other fugitives, were forwarded via
the Greenville branch of the Underground Railroad to Sandusky, and from thence to Chatham, Canada West, where she finally
settled, and where years after Mr. COFFIN met her.
THE MARGARET GARNER CASE.
One of the most remarkable of the cases that occurred under the Fugitive Slave law and one which aroused deep
sympathy and widespread interest during part of January, 1856, was that of